Islam and Its History


Islam is a religion based on monotheism, and it says to worship and obeys God “Allah” alone.  Islam is is the religion which Allah approves for His slaves. The person who enters this religion is called a Muslim (one who submits) because he has presented to all the rulings that have come from Allah and the Messenger of Allah. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) in Quran

“Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin ( a doer of  good who does good deeds solely for the sake of Allah) then his reward is with his Lord (Allah), on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve”

History of Islam

The Muhammad Prophet (570-632) got the ultimate knowledge of 610 in the hills of Mecca. When he started preaching, the rich people of Mecca considered it a threat to their social and religious system and opposed them. Finally, in 622 he had to travel from Mecca to Medina with his followers. This journey is called Hijra, and from here it starts the Islamic calendar. The lives of the people of Medina were troubled by mutual battles, and the messages of Hazrat Muhammad Sahib made them very popular there. In 630, Hazrat Muhammad Sahib attacked Mecca for his violation of a treaty with his followers. Makkavans surrendered and accepted Islam. Kabra, located in Mecca, was declared a holy place of Islam. Prophet Muhammad died in 632. However, till his death, all the tribes of Arabia became part of a political and social civilisation with the influence of Islam.

The composition of various Muslim empires and modern Islam

The Fatimid dynasty (9-111171), which was the Shia, established parts of North Africa and established its independent khilafat (although this khilafat considers maximum Muslims today illegal). In Malmo, the tribe of slave soldiers made in Egypt acquired power in 1250. When the Mongols defeated the Abbasi in Baghdad in 1258, then Abbasi Khalifa went to the refuge of the Empire of Egypt, like a name Nihad celebrity. In Asia, Mongols occupied many empires and left Buddhism and accepted Islam. Conflicts started growing even among Muslim empires, and Christians Saladin of the Ayubid dynasty won back the Jerusalem in 1187, which had come to Christians in the first Salabi war (10 96-1099). The effect of Osmani Empire (1299-1924) began to increase from the 13th and 14th centuries. He subdued many territories of southern and eastern Europe and North Africa. The Khilafat is now legally started to be of Osmani descent. In Iraan the Shia Saffi’s lineage (1501-1722) and the Delhi Sultans in India (1206-1527) and later the rule of the Mughal Empire (1526-1857).

From the ninth century onwards, the feeling of a religious mysticism started to grow in Islam, which is called Sufi. Ghazali (1058-1111) had given some arguments about the meaning of Sufism and the futility of philosophy that the emphasis on philosophy began to decline. The system of Sufi poeticism is now born. The Masayanavi of Rumi (1207-1273) is a prime example of this. Due to the Sufis, many Muslims started attracting towards religion. Many other religions also accepted Islam. Sufis had much influence in India and Indonesia. Indian Sufi saints like Moinuddin Chishti, Baba Farid and Nizamuddin, were part of this episode.

After the defeat of Turkey’s 1st World War in 1924, the Osmani Empire ended, and the Khilafat was over. Islam has spread in Europe and America because of the migration of other Muslims to other countries. Due to the production of oil in Arab Dashes, their economy improved very rapidly. There were several Renaissance movements in Islam in the 19th and 20th centuries. Of these, Salfi and Deobandi are the main ones. An anti-Western sentiment also developed, with some Muslims becoming attracted to radicalism.

Post Author: Terry J. Key